Myanmar (mjɑːnˌmɑr / Myan mar) is a delightful country, where eternal landscapes and ancient civilizations fill its vast land. Over half of the country is covered by thick tropical forests, beautifully golden pagodas and preserved temples fill the countryside. The temples are 2000 years old and covered in gold. Local people wear skirt-like "longyi" and women decorate with Thanaka (a yellowish-white cosmetic paste having fragrant scent made from ground bark.). Running north to south, the huge Irrawaddy River dissects the country in two. For those on the lookout for adventurous travels in an extraordinary land, look no further than Myanmar. No-one argues Myanmar isn't one of the world's most exciting destinations.

Location

Myanmar is located in Southeast Asia. It is bordered by China to the north and northeast; Laos and Thailand to the east and southeast, the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal to the south, Bangladesh and India to the west.

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Area

The area of Myanmar is 678,500 sq km, is the second largest country by geographical area in Southeast Asia.

The Climate & When To Go?

The climate of Myanmar is normally humid. Myanmar has 3 major types of seasons. The hot season is generally from March to April. The rainy season is from May to October, the temperatures would then cool off. The southwest tropical monsoon starts between mid-May and mid-June, making the frequent rain falls till October. The cold season is most beautiful starts from November to February and it is the peak season for travelling because temperatures remain relatively pleasant, cool breezes from north blow across the country. However, the climate tends to vary considerably from place to place because of differences in latitude and the marked variety of topographical relief. For example, in Hot season, the daily temperatures in Yangon (Rangoon) often reach around 40 degree Celsius, Bagan and Mandalay normally go a few degrees higher, although the hill towns in Shan State offer relief from heat.

Ethnic Groups

There are 135 distinct ethnic groups in Myanmar. The 8 major national races are Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Bamar, Mon, Rakhine and Shan. The country’s population is estimated to be over 60 million and most of the people live in Yangon, the old capital of Myanmar, with a population of over four million. Yangon continues to be the country's largest city and the most important commercial hub.

Economy

Myanmar is rich in natural resources such as natural gas, petroleum, timber, jade, gems and jewelleries and so the economy mainly relies on agricultural products, oil and gas, gemstones and tourism. 

History

The most prehistoric primates is Pondaung Man who may have lived 40 million years ago, discovered in Pondaung, northern Myanmar. After those eras, many cities and states came out, and then emerged 3 big empires. The First Myanmar Empire (AD 1044) is founded by King Anawrahtar. He organized the little states and villages into a single empire. The Second Myanmar Empire (also known as Hantharwaddy Dynasty) was founded by King Bayint Naung in AD 1287 at Bago. The last Empire was Kongbaung Dynasty (AD 1752) founded by King King Bodaw Paya. Although several years has passed, the culture still remains unspoiled unlike any destination you have ever been.

Business Hours

Business Hours is usually from 9am to 5pm for private companies and 9:30-4:30 for government offices.

Transportation

Taxis are available everywhere in Yangon (Rangoon). Local countrywide transportation is available by Airways, Roadways, Railways and Waterways. Three domestic airlines suitable for visitors are Air Bagan, Air Mandalay and Yangon Airways. There are many express buses in Myanmar and bus fare is normally cheaper than other transportations. You may want to visit by River cruise if you got plenty of time.